[Listening] COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution Facing Challenges

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A few months have passed since the breakout of coronavirus worldwide. Recently, the United States government declared that the vaccine would be ready around the end of November, which was expected to meet the most urgent needs. However, the shipping companies in America are faced with serious challenges in distributing the vaccine. What sort of “hot potato” do they encounter?

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Click the button at the bottom of the screen to play the audio. Please fill in the blanks and leave your answers in the comment. The answers will be revealed in the next episode.

Source: Cbsnews

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The earliest a coronavirus vaccine is expected to be ready for FDA authorization is the end of November. The CDC has already given states $200 million to prepare for distribution. But ____ (one word missing) companies like DHL have a daunting task — preparing to transport a coronavirus vaccine without knowing where the vaccine will be manufactured, what the packaging will be or how cold it will need to be kept.

“There’s still a lot of things that are unknown. And we’ve been talking to the different manufacturers, who are in various phases of the clinical trials to get ready,” DHL’s CEO David Goldberg told CBS News senior medical correspondent Dr. Tara.

At the DHL cold-chain facility near Chicago’s O’Hare airport, vaccines are stored at various temperatures before they’re sent to doctors’ offices, pharmacies and hospitals. The colder the vaccine, the more ____ (one word missing) the logistics. Pfizer’s coronavirus vaccine candidate needs to be kept at about minus 94 degrees Fahrenheit, while Moderna’s needs to be stored at minus 4 degrees Fahrenheit.

“Once a provider receives that vaccine, it really starts the clock that the vaccine needs to be administered within five days of when it’s put in the refrigerator,” North Dakota Immunization Program Manager Molly Howell said.

Pfizer’s vaccine is expected to ship in containers with almost 1,000 shots, which worries her.

“The minimum increment of 1,000 doses and ____ (two words missing) how we can get that to the rural areas is what’s keeping me up at night,” Howell said. “We’re thinking about the possibility of having to repackage and redistribute that vaccine into smaller quantities.”


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