[Word-ology] Monarch=Mon+Arch

💡Time for [Word-ology] again, a column making English learning easier!💡

Before today’s learning, let’s check the answers to the last episode.

precipitate=pre-[forth]+cip-[head]+it+-ate-[a. & v.]

Definition: to make sth, especially sth bad, happen suddenly or sooner than it should

The Greek root arch means “rule. By today’s learning, we hope you can “rule” over each and every word that uses this root.

In the word “monarch“, the prefix “mon-” means “one“, so a monarch is a “single ruler” such as a queen or king, and a system of government by a king or a queen is called a monarchy. For example, Britain is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as Head of state.


An archive is a set of important historical records that are carefully guarded, and this word comes from the idea that governments or “rulers” tend to keep historical records.

Now it’s your time to figure out the meanings of the following words!

oligarchy=olig-[few, little]+arch-[rule]+y-[n. state]

Example: From 1994 to 2000, when Putin came to power, Russia was an oligarchy.

anarchy=an-[not, without]+arch-[rule]+y-[n. state]

Example: There was complete anarchy in the classroom when their usual teacher was away.

That’s all for [Word-ology] today!

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