[Word-ology] Effort=Ef+Fort

💡Time for [Word-ology] again, a column making English learning easier!💡

Before today’s learning, let’s check the answers to the last episode.


1. manuscript=man-[hand]+u+script-[scrib]

Definition: a copy of a book, piece of music, etc. before it has been printed

2. outmaneuver=out-[out]+maneuver-[manipulate cleverly]

Definition: to outdo, defeat, or gain an advantage over by skillful or clever maneuvering


The Latin root fort means “strong. In fact, the root fort can also be a word, a fort is a “strong” building constructed in order to defend an area against attack. This Latin root is the word origin of a large number of English vocabulary words, including effort, comfort, and fortify.

The word effort combines “ef-” with “fort“. “ef-” is a variant spelling of the English prefix “ex-“, which means “out“. When you try to take the “strong” energy “out” of your body to achieve something, you make an effort.

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And how to explain the word comfort? The English prefix “com-” means “thoroughly“, so comfort is a “thorough” feeling of “strength”, and when you are doing something in comfort, you are physically relaxed and are not feeling any pain. Besides, you can add the suffix “able” to the word to make it become an adjective, which is comfortable. By the way, if you want to express the opposite meaning, you can use the noun “discomfort” and the adjective “uncomfortable“.

At last, the verb fortify just combines “fort” with “fy“, and “fy” is a variant form of “fic” meaning “make“, therefore, to fortify is to “make” something “strong“.


Now it’s your time to figure out the meanings of the following words!

fortification=fort-[strong]+i-[connective]+fic-[make]+ation-[act of doing something]

A connective is a letter that connects the different parts of a word, it has no specific meaning. Here’s an example of the word fortification: They are discussing the plans for the fortification of the city.

reinforce=re-[back]+in-[into]+for(c)-[strong]+e-[v.]

For example, all buildings are now reinforced to withstand earthquakes.


That’s all for [Word-ology] today!

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