[Word-ology] Contradict=Contra+Dict

💡Time for [Word-ology] again, a column making English learning easier!💡

Before today’s learning, let’s check the answers to the last episode.


1. scribble=scrib-[write]+ble-[v.]

Definition: to write sth quickly and carelessly because of time limit

2. prescription=pre-[before]+script-[write]+ion-[n.]

Definition: a plan or a suggestion for making sth happen or for improving it


The prefix contra- and its variant counter- mean “opposite” or “against. 

First, let’s take a look at the primary prefix contra-. For the word “contradict“, “contra” means “against” and “dict” means “speak“. When you contradict someone, you speak “against” what he/she says. Your opinion then offers a contrast to his or her opinion, which means, you have a contrary opinion. (Here, contrast is a noun and contrary is an adjective.)

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According to Oxford Advanced Learning Dictionary, contradict means “to say that something that somebody else has said is wrong and that the opposite is true“.

Now let’s move on to counter-, a variant of contra-, which also means “opposite” or “against”. If you counter an argument, you are providing an “opposite” viewpoint, just like counterattacking something is going “against” it after being attacked first.

In case you didn’t know, a country is etymologically a land “opposite” another. Also, in the phrase “pros and cons”, cons is simply a shortening of the prefix contra-, and the pros and cons are the good points and bad points of something.


Now it’s your time to figure out the meanings of the following words!

counterfeit=counter-[opposite]+feit-[made]

Here, “feit” represents something made in the original way, so it is known to be real and genuine. Well then, guess what does “counterfeit” mean? Here’s a sentence to help you: They were counterfeiting money in his garage.

countermand=counter-[opposite]+mand-[order]

“mand” is an order that has been given, so what happens if you countermand? Here’s an example: Orders to blow up the bridge were countermanded.


That’s all for [Word-ology] today!

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