Hey guys! Welcome to [Phrases]! As we all know, Greek mythology, together with the Bible, is the source of western culture. Today I`m going to introduce 5 idioms originating from Greek stories.
1. Achilles’ heel: a weak part of someone`s character, which could cause them to fail at something.
- I think Frank`s vanity is the Achilles’ heel in his character.
2. the sword of Damocles: an allusion to the imminent and ever-present peril faced by those in positions of power.
- I’ve had the sword of Damocles hanging over me for months, and now I can finally relax.
- Nuclear weapons, the sword of Damocles that hangs over mankind, should be completely prohibited and thoroughly destroyed to make the world peaceful.
3. Trojan Horse: a person or thing that is used to trick an enemy in order to achieve a secret purpose.
- They are defeated only because of the Trojan horse in their country.
- He believed that government health insurance was a Trojan horse: the real goal was the country`s full-on socialism.
4. riddle of the Sphinx: the mysterious person and riddles.
- The essence of human beings is an unsolved Sphinx riddle huanting the thinkers and philosophers throughout the history of mankind.
- The disparity between Hamlet’s mental ability and his physical action makes him a cognitive riddle which rivals that of Sphinx, whose head is incongruent with his body.
5. Pandora’s box: a process that, if started, will cause many problems that cannot be solved.
- This court case could open a Pandora’s box of similar claims.
- But according to its critics, it is little less than a Pandora’s box, capable of unleashing untold woes upon those curious enough to open it.
Practice: fill in the blanks below.
- Secondary mortgage loan becomes the which hung on the top of the finance market.
- Their claim is just a for higher taxes and the abandonment of traditional values.
- Reform is a ; opening up the system can lead to a loss of economic and political control.
That`s all for today!
Don`t forget to leave your comments below. See you next time!