Hey guys! Welcome back to [Grammar].
In English speaking or writing, we unavoidably need to use ‘all’, ‘every’ and ‘each’. But do you know how to use them correctly?
Let’s figure it out!
- “All” means the total number of people or things considered as a group.
- “Every” means all members of a group considered individually.
- “Each” means all members of a group considered individually though we think of them more one by one.
“Every“ can‘t be used when referring to two things.
Every (one) of my parents ( × )
Each of my parents ( √ )
We can’t use “Each” with the words “almost” or “nearly”. Here we use “Every”.
Almost each car pollutes the atmosphere. ( × )
Almost every car pollutes the atmosphere. ( √ )
1. Every + singular noun
The noun that comes after “every” is in a singular form.
I have visited every country in South America (we do NOT say: every countries)
I can understand every word our teacher says. (we do NOT say: every words)
Note, when you use every + noun as a subject, it uses a singular verb (verb + s)
Every day is a chance to learn something new.
Every child needs love and care.
2. Every + number + plural noun
“Every“ can be followed by a plural noun when there is a number before that noun.
He gets his head shaved every three weeks.
You need to take a break every two hours.
1. Each + singular noun
They play the national anthem of each country before the game begins.
2. Each of + my/his/the, etc. + plural noun
I kiss each of my children before they go to bed at night.
The teacher had a little kid holding on to each of her hands.
Notice how after “each of” the verb is usually in singular form though when speaking informally, you will sometimes hear a plural verb used.
Each of my students has a different assignment to complete. ( √ )
Each of my students have a different assignment to complete. ( × )
3. Each of + you/us/them
We can only use the pronoun(you/us/them) after “each of“.
He gave each of us a small gift at the end of the course.
Again the verb following “each of + pronoun(you/us/them)” should be in the singular form.
Each of them is very friendly.
1. All + plural noun
To make a generalization about an entire group of something.
All sharks are dangerous.
2. All + of + noun
You need to read all of the books.
All of the fish in the pond have died.
You need to remove all of them before they start to smell bad.
We can also remove “of” before the determiner(my, his, the, etc.) + noun (but we must use “of” before a pronoun)
You need to read all the books.
3. We/you/they/us/them + all
Sometimes you can place “All“ after a pronoun(We/you/they/us/them) to emphasize that every single one of that group is included.
We all hope you get better soon.
I hope you all have a great time.
I have made us all some sandwiches.
#1. ___ of two dogs is cute.
#2. Almost ____ person likes this movie.
#3. All papers ___ on the floor. And evey person here ___ to pick them up.
#4. I hope you ___ have fun here.
#5. Every ____ can’t live without water.
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