[Grammar] How To Use “Etc.” Correctly?

Hey guys! Still remember “how to form adverb from adjective“? Check out the answers:

1. carefully 2. hungrily 3. suitably 4. economically 5. free

Today we’re gonna talk about the word “etc.” You must have seen this word so many times, but how to use it? When to use it? Let’s move on and find out!


What is “etc.”?

“Etc.” is the abbreviation of “et cetera”. “Et cetera” is a Latin phrase. “Et” means “and”. “Cetera” means “the rest”. It refers to “and other similar things. ” It is used to avoid giving a complete list.

Rule 1. The same kind of things

The items in the list should be of the same kind.

We can always see sparrows, robins, blackbirds, starlings, etc. in our garden, and often bluetits and finches.

“Sparrows”, “robins”, “blackbirds” and “starlings” are all birds.

They ask for your personal details – age, sex, nationality, etc.

“age”, “sex” and “nationality” are all personal details.


Rule 2.  No “and”

Don’t use “and” before or after “etc.” Because the meaning of “etc.” is “and so on” or “and other things”, we don’t need to use another “and”.

I went to supermarket and bought vegetables, oranges, and apples, etc. (×)
I went to supermarket and bought vegetables, oranges, apples, etc. (√)

Don’t forget to bring a pen, an eraser, some paper, and etc. (×)
Don’t forget to bring a pen, an eraser, some paper, etc. (√)


Rule 3. No “people”

Don’t use “etc.” when refering people.

I’m gonna go out with my cousins, Joey, Chandler, Ross, Monica, etc. (×)

Rule 4. No “such as”

Don’t use an introductory phrases “such as” with “etc.”

We saw lots of lions, tigers, elephants, etc. (√)
We saw lots of animals, such as lions, tigers, elephants. (√)
We saw lots of animals, such as lions, tigers, elephants, etc. (×)


True(T) or False(F) ?

1. Today I ate cereal, a peanut butter and jelly sandwich, a cup of yogurt, etc.

2. you can go swimming, playing basketball, etc.

3. The shop specialises in tropical fruits, such as pineapples, mangoes, papayas, etc.

I bet you get the answers!

Leave a comment if you have any quetions!

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