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Today, we will learn adverbs of time.
An adverb of time is what you might expect it to be – a word that describes when, for how long, or how often a certain action happened. In some cases it also describes the relationship between the happenings of two incidents.
1. Adverbs of time that tell us when
Adverbs of time often work best when placed at the end of sentences.
- I didn’t go to school yesterday.
- I will clean my room tomorrow.
- I have to leave now.
But these adverbs can also be put in other positions to give a different emphasis. All adverbs that tell us when can be placed at the beginning of the sentence to emphasize the time element.
- Yesterday he didn’t go to work because he was ill.
2. Adverbs of time that tell us how long
Adverbs of time describing how long an action occurred usually works best at the end of a sentence. In these adverbial phrases that tell us for how long, for is always followed by an expression of duration, while since is always followed by an expression of a point in time.
- He lived in Japan for a year.
- I haven’t seen her since 2010.
- Jane works for a whole day.
3. Adverbs of time that tell us the relationship between two verbs
Another type of adverb of time is the relationship in time. Some examples are previously, formerly, earlier, before.
- All transcripts were scored independently by two coders who had previously been trained with this system.
- I stayed in Korea, before leaving for Hongkong.
4. Adverbs of time that tell us the frequency
Adverbs stating definite frequency of the occurrence of the incident. Some examples are hourly, daily, yearly.
- He goes to the gym daily.
- This magazine is published monthly.
5. Order of adverbs of time
When using more than one adverb of time in a sentence, use them in the following order:
- How long
- How often
- He worked in this company (1) for five days (2) every week (3)last year.
We go out for Chinese food_______.
A. Willingly B. Normally
C. Weekly D. Perfectly
Don’t forget to leave your answers below. See you next time:)