[Grammar] How To Use Conditional Sentences?

Hey guys! Check the answers to the last episode:

1. intransitive  2. intransitive  3.intransitive

Today we’re gonna look at the conditionals.
There are two kinds of conditional sentences in English: real and unreal.


Real conditional describes real-life situations.
Unreal conditional describes unreal, imaginary situations.

Although conditional forms might seem abstract at first, they are actually very useful and are commonly used in daily conversation.

Let’s get started!

1. Conditional 0 = Present Real Conditional

→ It is used to talk about what you normally do in real-life situations.

Form: If / When … simple present …, … simple present …

If the weather is nice, she walks to work.

2. Conditional 1 = Future Real Conditional

→ It describes what you think you will do or something probably will happen in a specific situation in the future.

Form: If / When … simple present …, … simple future …

If the weather is nice, she is going to walk to work.


3. Conditional 2 = Present Unreal Conditional

→ It is used to talk about what you would generally do in imaginary situations.

Form: If … simple past …, … would + verb …

I would buy that computer if it were cheaper.

If I were Superman, I would be invincible.

This conditional has a past verb but it doesn’t mean the situation is in the past. It actually means this situation is an imaginary situation and it’s not real. For the verb “be”, we should use its subjunctive mood which is “were” for every pronoun.

We can also use it to talk about future possibilities.

If I owned a car, I would drive to work.


4. Conditional 3 = Past Unreal Conditional

It is used to talk about imaginary situations in the past. You can use it to describe a different past situation that you imagined. So this conditional is not real and in the past. And the result of it is also not real and imaginary past situation.

Form: If … past perfect …, … would have + past participle …

I would have bought that computer if it had been cheaper.

would have read more as a child if I hadn’t watched so much TV.


1. Mary _________(move) to Japan if she _______(speak) Japanese. She is learning it very hard.

2. If I ________(win) the lottery last week, I __________(buy) a house.

Looking forward to your comments!

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