[Grammar]Transitive Verbs Vs Intransitive Verbs

Hi all! Welcome back! The answer to the last episode is

to try to avoid eating


Today, we will learn transitive & intransitive verbs.

 

A verb can be described as transitive or intransitive based on whether it requires an object to express a complete thought or not.

 

  • A transitive verb is a verb that requires an object to receive the action.
  1. I baked some cookies.
  2. The instructor addressed the student’s question.
  3. Please bring coffee.

Each of the verbs in these sentences have objects that complete the verbs’ actions. If the objects were taken out, the results would be illogical and questions would be raised in the mind of the reader; for example, Please bring. Bring what?.

 

  • Intransitive verbs are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. 
  1. I cried.
  2. May I sit here?
  3. The book fell.

None of these verbs require an object for the sentence to make sense, and all of them can end a sentence.

 

  • Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive, depending on the situation. In some instances, such a verb may require an object, while in others it does not require an object.
  1. After he cleaned up, he left. (intransitive)
  2. He left the gift on the table. (tansitive)
  3. The students will play outside today. (intransitive)
  4. Three of the students play the guitar. (transitive)
  5. Because of blood sugar problems, Rosa always eats before leaving for school. (intransitive)
  6. If there is no leftover pizza, Rosa usually eats whole-grain cereal. (transitive)

Sometimes, transitive and intransitive words could be confusing. If you are unsure about whether a verb is transitive or intransitive, you can check a dictionary. Most dictionaries indicate whether a verb, and each definition of the verb, is transitive or intransitive.


Practice:

Choose the right category of the italics verbs.

  1. My daughter is growing quickly. (transitive, intransitive)
  2. James went to the campus cafe for a steaming bowl of squid eyeball stew. (transitive, intransitive)
  3. To escape the midday sun, the cats lie in the shade under our cars.(transitive, intransitive)

Don’t forget to leave your answers below. See you next time!

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