[Grammar] How To Use Nouns Correctly?

Hi all! Welcome back! The answer to the last episode is 

when, while, while 

Today, I would like to clarify singular & plural nouns.

First of all, let me start with the easy one – singular nouns.

When a noun indicates one only, it is a singular noun.

a key, a baby, an elephant

Then, let’s move on to plural nouns.

When a noun indicates more than one, it is plural.

three brothers, two dogs, many books

Because nouns are so frequently used, we have to memorize all the pluralization rules.

Most singular nouns are made plural by simply putting an -s at the end. There are many different rules regarding pluralization depending on what letter a noun ends in

  • For the plural form of most nouns, add s.

cup – cups
pencil – pencils
desk – desks

  • For nouns that end in ch, x, s, or s sounds, add es.

bus – buses

lunch – lunches

tax – taxes

  • For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add es.

wife – wives

wolf – wolves

leaf – leaves

  • If a singular noun ends in ‑y and the letter before the -y is a consonant, change the ending to ‑ies to make the noun plural.

city – cities

puppy – puppies

baby – babies

  • If the singular noun ends in -y and the letter before the -y is a vowel, simply add an -s to make it plural.

ray – rays

boy – boys

toy – toys

  • If the singular noun ends in ‑o, add ‑es to make it plural.

potato – potatoes

tomato – tomatoes

Note! Exceptions:

photo – photos

piano – pianos

  • If the singular noun ends in ‑on, the plural ending is ‑a.

phenomenon – phenomena

criterion – criteria

  • A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.

sheep – sheep
deer – deer
series – series
species – species


Choose the correct plural for each of the words that follows:

A. Choicees     B. Choices     C. Choiceies

A. Boxs          B. Boxies       C. Boxes

A. Thiefies    B. Thiefs        C. Thieves

Don’t forget to leave your answers below. See you!

Look forward to your reply!

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