¡Hola! Welcome to [Grammar]! Check the answers to part 3:
- have never seen
- got; submitted; showed; had arrived; had already filled
- will have picked
- will arrive
8. Present Perfect Continuous Verb Forms
The meaning is a combination of two aspects: perfect and continuous.
It is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place.
Form: has/have + been + v.-ing
- We use the present perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Tuesday” are all durations which can be used with the present perfect continuous.
They have been talking for the last hour.
- You can also use the present perfect continuous WITHOUT a duration such as “for two weeks.” Without the duration, the tense has a more general meaning of “lately.” We often use the words “lately” or “recently” to emphasize this meaning.
Recently, I have been feeling really tired.
- Using this tense in a question suggests you can see, smell, hear or feel the results of the action. It is possible to insult someone by using this tense incorrectly.
“Have you been smoking?” can suggest that you smell the smoke on the person.
9. Past Perfect Continuous Verb Forms
It is used to show that an action started in the past and continued up to another point in the past.
Form: had + been + v.-ing
- We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.
They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived.
- Using the past perfect continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect.
Jay was tired because he had been jogging.
10. Future Perfect Continuous Verb Forms
It is used to show that something will continue up until a particular event or time in the future.
- Form 1: will + have + been + v.-ing
- Form 2: be going to + have + been + v.-ing
Tips: Its uses are related to the present perfect continuous and the past perfect continuous; however, with future perfect continuous, the duration stops at or before a reference point in the future.
- You will have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.
- How long will you have been studying when you graduate?
Remember, past/future continuous emphasizes interrupted actions, whereas past/future perfect continuous emphasizes a duration of time before something in the past/future. Though these two forms are rarely used, you still need them sometimes.
1. I think the waiter _______(forget) us. We _______(wait) here for over half an hour and nobody _________(take) our order yet.
2. It _________(rain) all week.
3. By the time he finally arrived, I ________(wait) for over an hour.
We have already finished all the verb tenses!
Take some time to review them!
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