Hey guys! Welcome to [Grammar]! Let’s check the answer to the last episode:
I’d like to (1) do some shopping after work.
Would you like me to (2) make you a cup of tea?
– You have to (3) make a decision. – I will (4) do (make) it later.
At (4), we can replace “make” with “do”, because “make” is mentioned above,which makes the meaning of (4) clear.
Here are the three quickest correct answers! Congratulations to Damay, Nova and Radha!
I’m sorry that we couldn’t pick out the comments from anonymous users… So use your own nickname next time!
I noticed that many people are confused about how to correctly use verb tenses. Actually, It’s very common to make mistakes in verb tenses especially when speaking.
But don’t worry! From today on, we’re gonna make a summary about Verb Tenses! Let’s figure it out systematically and thoroughly together!
Let’s start with an overview of English Verb Forms.
1. The two parts of English Verb Form
1. 3 Times
- past, present, future
2. 4 Aspects
- simple, continuous, perfect, perfect continuous
If we combine them, then we will have 12 tenses. But we don’t have to remember all these. Instead, we only need to remember that all English verb forms are made of these two parts: TIME + ASPECT.
2. Past, Present, and Future Verb Forms
English verbs have past and present forms. To make a present form past, we just change the present verb to the past verb.
- I go swimming every week.
→ I went swimming every week.
- He is running so fast.
→ He was running so fat.
- We haven’t seen it yet.
→ We hadn’t seen it yet.
You must have noticed that, all we need to do is just changing the present verb to past one regardless of whether the aspect is simple, continuous, perfect or perfect continuous.
What about the Future?
As we know, there are no future verb forms. So we have to add something before the verb. And there are many things we can add. For example:
- I will be waiting for you.
- I am going to tell her.
- He might arrive soon.
We can also use present verb forms with a future meaning.
- I’m going to shopping this afternoon.
- Class starts at 9:00.
Remember: every verb has 1 past form and 1 present form, but there are many possible future forms.
Now let’s talk about aspects.
3. Simple Verb Forms
This form describes two things:
- Single Actions (Past and Future)
- Repeated actions or states (Past, Present, Future)
- Past Simple
I went to Italy last year. →(Single actions in the past)
I went to Italy every year until 2017. →(Repeated actions in the past)
- Present Simple
I go to school by bike. →(Repeated actions in the present)
- Future Simple
I will go with you. →(Repeated actions in the future)
I will go to Italy every year. →(Repeated actions in the future)
Is it too simple?
What about continuous, perfect and perfect continuous verb forms?
To make sure that we have enough time to understand, consolidate and digest, we will talk about them one by one, in detail, about what they mean and how to use them, in the following episodes.
Hope that we could make progress together!